Between the Devil and the Green New Deal

JASPER BERNES in Communemag looks at the New Green Deal – a proposed stimulus package in the US – that aims to address climate change and economic inequality.
 
We cannot legislate and spend our way out of catastrophic global warming
 

Screen Shot 2019-05-25 at 9.03.43 PMFrom space, the Bayan Obo mine in China, where 70 percent of the world’s rare earth minerals are extracted and refined, almost looks like a painting. The paisleys of the radioactive tailings ponds, miles long, concentrate the hidden colors of the earth: mineral aquamarines and ochres of the sort a painter might employ to flatter the rulers of a dying empire.To meet the demands of the Green New Deal, which proposes to convert the US economy to zero emissions, renewable power by 2030, there will be a lot more of these mines gouged into the crust of the earth. That’s because nearly every renewable energy source depends upon non-renewable and frequently hard-to-access minerals: solar panels use indium, turbines use neodymium, batteries use lithium, and all require kilotons of steel, tin, silver, and copper.

The renewable-energy supply chain is a complicated hopscotch around the periodic table and around the world. To make a high-capacity solar panel, one might need copper (atomic number 29) from Chile, indium (49) from Australia, gallium (31) from China, and selenium (34) from Germany. Many of the most efficient, direct-drive wind turbines require a couple pounds of the rare-earth metal neodymium, and there’s 140 pounds of lithium in each Tesla.It’s not for nothing that coal miners were, for much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the very image of capitalist immiseration—it’s exhausting, dangerous, ugly work. Le Voreux, “the voracious one”—that’s what Émile Zola names the coal mine in Germinal, his novel of class struggle in a French company town. Capped with coal-burning smokestacks, the mine is both maze and minotaur all in one, “crouching like some evil beast at the bottom of its lair . . . puffing and panting in increasingly slow, deep bursts, as if it were struggling to digest its meal of human flesh.” Monsters are products of the earth in classical mythology, children of Gaia, born from the caves and hunted down by a cruel race of civilizing sky gods.

But in capitalism, what’s monstrous is earth as animated by those civilizing energies. In exchange for these terrestrial treasures—used to power trains and ships and factories—a whole class of people is thrown into the pits. The warming earth teems with such monsters of our own making—monsters of drought and migration, famine and storm. Renewable energy is no refuge, really. The worst industrial accident in the history of the United States, the Hawk’s Nest Incident of 1930, was a renewable energy disaster. Drilling a three-mile-long inlet for a Union Carbide hydroelectric plant, five thousand workers were sickened when they hit a thick vein of silica, filling the tunnel with blinding white dust. Eight hundred eventually died of silicosis. Energy is never “clean,” as Muriel Rukeyser makes clear in the epic, documentary poem she wrote about Hawk’s Nest, “The Book of the Dead.” “Who runs through the electric wires?” she asks. “Who speaks down every road?”

The infrastructure of the modern world is cast from molten grief.Dotted with “death villages” where crops will not fruit, the region of Inner Mongolia where the Bayan Obo mine is located displays Chernobylesque cancer rates. But then again, the death villages are already here. More of them are coming if we don’t do something about climate change. What matter is a dozen death villages when half the earth may be rendered uninhabitable? What matter the gray skies over Inner Mongolia if the alternative is turning the sky an endless white with sulfuric aerosols, as last-ditch geoengineering scenarios imagine? Moralists, armchair philosophers, and lesser-evilists may try to convince you that these situations resolve into a sort of trolley-car problem: do nothing and the trolley speeds down the track toward mass death. Do something, and you switch the trolley onto a track where fewer people die, but where you are more actively responsible for their deaths. When the survival of millions or even billions hangs in the balance, as it surely does when it comes to climate change, a few dozen death villages might seem a particularly good deal, a green deal, a new deal. But climate change doesn’t resolve into a single trolley-car problem. Rather, it’s a planet-spanning tangle of switchyards, with mass death on every track. Read the rest of the article here

3 comments

  1. If China does cut of the Yanks supply of Rare Earth, then largest producer and exporter is Lynas Corporation out of Australia. Their plan at the moment is to establish another rare earth separation plant similar to their Malaysia one in Hondo Texas. There is also a number of smaller Rare Earth miners in Australia that do heavy and light rare earths that are slowly coming on line or at the tail end of their bankable feasibility studies who will benefit from a Chinese ban of rare earth export.

    China has a very lax work safety, worker health and environmental standards OIT under cut the likes of Lynas and others. But in saying that Japan, Sth Korea and the EU won’t trade with China to their lax standards, whereas the Yanks will buy anything that’s cheap as chips and soon they will have to buy from such companies like Lynas with a premium price.

    Which may slow down the New Green Deal in the short term, but when you look at current trends in renewable energy across all sectors and growing awareness of GW. The long term is quite good as more and more people, companies and nations slowly switch over to renewable energy.

    Is renewable energy clean and green in the long term? You could ask the same nuclear and fusion power generation as well? Then you have countries like the US and China, where companies don’t act in a ethical way IRT WHS and to the environment as they want cheap products to make more money and let the free market to decide.

    https://www.lynascorp.com/Shared%20Documents/Investors%20and%20media/Announcements%20and%20media/2019/190521%20Investor%20Day%20Presentation%20Lynas%202025%201931391.pdf

    Disclaimer: I owned shares in Lynas, other Australian rare earth producers, Lithium and Uranium companies in Australia. Also coking coal (for steel making) companies such as South 32.

  2. “Then you have countries like the US and China, where companies don’t act in a ethical way ” Which country does have companies of consequence which act in an ethical way?

  3. Climate change? Really? This middle-class angst-ridden sofa emergency trumps the daily misery suffered by millions who can also assume the indifference of the wise, dinner party activism which seeks gratification and crushes all resistance …

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